Oscar Wilde was born in
He was educated in Dublin until 1874, 515g68f and it's here that he first revealed his unconventional personality (he didn't like sports and games, drinking or whoring, preferring fishing and solitude), but he read a lot and won a Gold Medal of Greek and a scholarship for Magdalene College, in Oxford, where he went in 1874 and spent four happy years; it was here that he established a reputation of anticonformist, wonderful entertainer and brilliant talker.
Here he was influenced, among his teacher, by John Ruskin and Walter Pater: the first attracted Wilde for his socialist ideas; the second taught him a new sense of art without moral responsibility.
So, having took the
In constant need of money to support his wordly existence, he accepted an invitation to lecture in 1882.
In 1884 married Constance Lloyd, and he was obliged to search a job in little journal; in 1891 grow in importance and fame thanks to his "Picture of Dorian Gray", but when his was at the peak of his carrier he sued the Marquis of Queensbury, that had accused him of a homosexual relationship with his son, the Lord Alfred Douglas. Wilde was arrested, tried and sentenced to two years of hard labour. His financial ruin was complete.
While in prison he suffered every sort of
humiliations (he also couldn't write or read), and when was released he lived
like a broken man: he adopted the name of Sebastian Melmoth, and he took some
Then he settled in
The best of Wilde works are:
The Ballad of Reading Gaol
The Canterville Ghost
The Happy Prince and other Tales
The portrait of Mr W.H.
Lord Arthure Savile's Crime and other stories
The Decay of Lying
The Soul of Man under Socialism
The Picture of Dorian Gray, published first in 1890 and finally in 1891 including The Preface, that is the Manifesto of English Aestheticism.
Vera, or the Nihilist
The Duchess of
A Woman of No Importance
An Ideal Husband
The importance of Being Earnest
The name of Wilde is closely connected with the Aestheticism, altough he stood apart from the other decadents, so he don't isolate himself from the world, but he did his best to be publicly popular and successful.
Wilde isn't a poet, even if the Preface of "The Picture of Dorian Gray" can be read as a kind of poem, in which Wilde wrote his conception of art and artist. The work branded as immoral when it appeared, it actually reads as a sort of morality, whose conclusion sound like a punishement of a life devoted to the external aspect. So, in his Preface, Wilde stressed the integrity ands coherence of the artist, who must always be in accord with himself.
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