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WILLIAM BLAKE (1757-1827)

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WILLIAM BLAKE

- VERY LITTLE SCHOOLING EXCEPT ART AND LITERATURE. VISIONS AS A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION;

- WORKS: SONGS OF INNOCENCE AND SONGS OF EXPERIENCE - RAPRESENTING 2 ASPECTS OF LIFE, MAN'S STATE OF MIND, CHILDHOOD  TO MATURITY

- FEATURES:  EMOTIONAL APPROACH TO POETRY; MAN IN NATURE - MAN'S MIND ACCORDING TO NATURE; POET AS A PROPHET; BLAKE WAS INTERESTED IN SOCIETY; SPIRIT OVER THE 626f54g BODY, INFINITE OVER WORLD'S LIMITS; MANY ALLEGORIES, DIFFICULT INTERPRETATIONS.

- THEMES: IMPORTANCE OF SPIRIT, FREEDOM, JUSTICE, DEMONACY AS MILTON AND DANTE; IMPORTANCE OF IMAGINATION; SYMBOLISM; POET-PROPHET.


WILLIAM WORDSWORTH



- LAKE DISTRICT, FRENCH EXPERIENCE, PERIOD WITH COLERIDGE 1797-1807

- LYRICAL BALLADS, PRELUDE (BIOG), POEMS IN 2 VOLUMES, THE EXCURSION

- LYRICAL BALLADS - 1798:  ROMANTIC, REF TO MIDDLE AGES; REALISM; POETRY IS THE REFLECTION OF EMOTIONS RECOLLETED IN TRANQUILLITY; THE POET HAS THE GIFT OF IMAGINATION, HE CAN GET THE ESSENCE OF THING AND COMMUNICATE THEM TO MAN WITH A MORAL MESSAGE, AS A TEACHER - POWER OF EMOTIONS.

- THEMES: HUMBLE AND RUSTIC LIFE; SIMPLE PEOPLE, THE COUNTRYSIDE; ELEMENTARY FEELINGS; IMPORTANCE OF IMAGINATION WHICH COLOURS LIFE; IMPORTANCE OF SIMPLE OBJECTS AND PACEFUL LANDSCAPES AND MEMORY.

- LENGUAGE: SIMPLE, USED BY COMMON PEOPLE.


SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE

- LEARNED MAN, WITH WORDSWORTH, OPIUM ADDICTED

- CHRISTABEL, KUBLA KHAN, THE RIME OF THE ANCIENT MARINER, TO W.W., BIOGRAPHIA LITERARIA, LECTURES ON SHAKESPEARE:

- THEMES AND FEATURES: BALLAD STRUCTURE AND THEMES, MEDIEVAL SETTING, MYSTERY ANND SUPERNATURAL, NATURE, EXOTICISM;

- PRIMARY IMAGINATION: FACULTY BY WHICH WE PERCEIVE THE WORLD

SECONDARY IMAGINATION: DISSOLVES, DIFFUSES, DISSIPATES IN ORDER TO RECREATE.

- TROTAM - INTERPRETATIONS. PARABLE OF MAN IN A RELIGIOUS AND MORAL WAY - EXPIATION; PSICOLOGICAL STUDY ON THE GUILT SENSE, CONTRAST BETWEEN RATIONAL AND IRRATIONAL, ALLEGORY OF LIFE;

- IMAGINATION FOR WW COLURS LIFE, FOR STC CREATES A NEW REALITY.

- KUBLA KHAN: MANIFESTO OF POETIC MIND; SUSPENSION OF THE DISBELIEF FOR THE MOMENT.


GEORGE GORDON, LORD BYRON

- IMPORTANCE OF EREDITY, NOBILITY, TRAVELLED A LOT

- HOURS OF IDLENESS, LARA (ORIENTAL TALES), PRISONER OF CHILLON; CHILDE HAROLDS PILGRIMAGE (AUTOBIOG, 4 BOOKS, TRAVEL, ROMANTIC B), DON JUAN (16 CANTOS, SATIRICAL POEM, TRAVEL, MOCH-HEROIC)

- FEATURES AND THEMES:

ROMANTIC LIFE (ACTIVE, ADVENTUROUS), REBELLION, TITANISM, SATANISM, MELANCHOLY, NATIONALISM, NATURE, GHOTICISM AND EXOTICISM, BYRONIC HERO AS A REFLECTION OF HIMSELF.

NON ROMANTIC: CRITICISM OF SOCIETY, DEFLATION OF ROMANTIC IDEALS, SENSE OF FUN, IRONIC DISTRUST OF EMOTIONS, MOCH-HEROIC ATTITUDE, TRUE REALISM, MAN IN SOCIETY, SATIRICAL COUPLETS, LUCID WRITING.




PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY

- INTOLERANT OF AUTHORITY, SENSITIVEE, IMAGINATION; OXFORD - NECESSITY OF ATHEISM, MMARRIAGE FAILED, 2 MARRIAGE WITH MAY GODWIN, TRAVELLED IN EUROPE - VERY RICH

- NECESSITY OF ATHEISM, DEFENCE OF POETRY; CENCI, PROMOTHEUS UNBOUND; QUEEN MAB, REVOLT OF ISLAM, EPIPSICHIDION; HIMN TO INTELLECTUAL BEAUTY, OZYMANDIAS, ODE TO THE WEST WIND.

- VIEW OF POETRY: PROGRESS OF HUMAN MIND, SOURCE OF CIVILIZATION, SACRED, IMPROVE SOCIETY, SOMETHING DEVINE DERIVING FROM AN HUMAN GIFT. POET HAS THE ROLE TO MODIFY AND IMPROVE.

- FEATURES AND THEMES: FRENCH REVOLUTION IDEALS - REBELLION AGAINST OPPRESSION, LOVE FOR REFORMS; COMPLEX PERSONALITY - CONTRADDICTIONS (POLITICALLY AGGRESSIVE-LYRICISM, RATIONALISM/IDEALISM, LOVE FOR ENGLAND-ATTENCTION ON OTHER COUNTRIES, REBELLION AGAINST SOCIETY-LOVE FOR HUMANKIND); CONDAMNATION OF SELFISHNESS AND SUPERSTITIONS IN INSTITUTIONS AND CHURCH; LOVE AS THE PRINCIPLE OF ALL ACTIONS, FREEDOM ACCORDING TO HUMAN NEEDS; PLATONIC IDEALISM (BEAUTY, JUSTICE, TRUTH, LOVE, SPIRIT AS ONLY REALITY - ODE TO THE WEST WIND - NATURE WITH A SOUL); IDEA OF GOOD - MAN CAN REACH PERFECTION, CONDAMNATION OF ALL DOGMAS, RELIGION MAKES SLAVES IN HUMANITY; PANTHEISM - UNIVERSAL SPIRITUAL FORCE; NATURE AS A SOURCE OF JOY AND HAPPYNESS, SPIRITUAL FORCE - IMMEDIATE INSPIRATION; ECSTASY WAS THE PRODUCT OF IMMEDIATE PERCEPTION, PASSING OF TIME.

- STYLE: METAPHORES, SIMILIES, FIGURATIVE LENGUAGE, POETICAL IMAGES, MUSICALITY.


JOHN KEATS

- TRAGIC EXISTANCE

- STYLE: EXAMPLE OF PERFECTION - COMBINATION OF MELODIC POETRY AND HIGH MASTERY IN THE USE OF LENGUAGE.

- SOURCES: CLASSICAL ART -GREEK, MEDIEVAL ART, NATURE (BY IMAGINATION), BEST POET OF ENGLISH LITERATURE.

- FEATURES AND THEMES: AGAINST EVERY FORM OF RATIONALISM (SEEN AS A LIMITATION), REVOLUTIONARY ROMANTICISM, POET WAS TO BE DEVOTED JUST TO THE SEARCH OF BEAUY = MITHOLOGY + CLASSICISMC + NATURE + IMAGINATION. TYPICAL THEMES OF ROMANTICISM; ORIGINALITY IN 2 VIEWS OF BEAUTY (EXTERNAL AND SPIRITUAL-ETERNAL); POETRY SEEN AS A SOLACE, ONLY REASON OF LIFE; NO ONLY POSITIVE FEELINGS: MISTERY, DUOBTS; OBJECTIVITY IN THE POEM.

- WORKS: ENDYMION, THE EVE OF S.AGNES, LA BELLE DAME SANS MERCY, ODE ON A GRECIAN URN.






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