Malawi is located in the Southern Africa, est of Zambia.The area mesaures 118,480 sq km.It has Zambia to the north-west, Tanzania to the north, and Mozambique surrounding it on the east, south, and west.The capital is Lilongwe,the coin is the Kwacha of Malawi and there are 9.790.000 town resident The origin of the name Malawi remains unclear; it is held to be either derived from that of southern tribes, or noting the "glitter of the sun rising across thelake" (as seen in its flag)=>.He re are finded narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains.Malawi ranks among the world's least developed countries.The environment current iussus are:the deforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff, sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish populations.The median age is about 16 years,the age structure is: 0-14 years: 46.9% (male 2,877,568/female 2,823,296)
15-64 years: 50.4% (male 3,041,352/female 3,081,762)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 132,175/female 202,771)
small fishing and forest products industries. Deforestation has become a
problem as the growing population uses more wood (the major energy source) and
woodland is cleared for farms. Practically no minerals are extracted, but there
are unexploited deposits of bauxite, uranium, and coal.
imports are foodstuffs, petroleum products, manufactured consumer goods, and
transport equipment; the principal exports are tobacco, tea, sugar, coffee,
peanuts, and forest products. The chief trade partners are
Most of the country's foreign trade is conducted via Salima, a port on Lake
Nyasa, which is connected by rail with the seaport of Nacala in
in 1891, the British protectorate of Nyasaland became the independent nation of
1)accelerating efforts to ensure that every child aged 6 months-15 years is vaccinated against measles on arrival in a camp;
2) increasing resources for family latrine construction; and
3) providing refugees in reception centers with adequate soap, water, buckets, latrines, and shelter.
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