The decolonisation was the process of emancipation and national liberation of the
population that were oppressed from the colonial domination of some European states,
beginning of the XX th century,
(actually it was) whose only aims were civilize and discover the virgin lands.
to conquer on their side many overseas territories.
nation, in fact, hadn't any interest to enter the war and leading an isolating policy, it
didn't care about European events. Through diplomacy, they made their game to
support them as the best Empire.
Before the First World War, many English colonies started asking for independence;
independent foreign policy between 1867 and 1921.
The reason of the outbreak of the Second World War was
First of all the ideology and the culture that didn't tolerate any type of military and politically occupation of a territories towards another one; secondary the military situation of the British Empire that was disastrous: they hadn't soldiers, armies and capitals to fight again to keep the control of these rich territories.
At least a high diplomatic
pressure from European Nations or rather the other ex Empires that wanted the
disappearance of the
The first colonies who obtained the independence were
After the end of the Second World
War, around 1947, mostly of the British countries obtained the autonomy,
In 1931 born The Commonwealth, a voluntary association
of 50 independent states, whose aim is mutual assistance and cooperation in
many fields as economy, science and trade. Anyway, the
colonies that reached the independence, were already linked for the commerce to
the ex mother land. The economical and technological situation of the new
independent territories was second- rate and the colonies that previously were
obliged just to trade with
Presently the Commonwealth is composed by 50 independent states and the Queen is recognized as the head of State of 16 countries.
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