The most obvious theme in death play is taking of revenge
The taking of revenge in hamlet is intimately inter 121g69b related with the themes of/faithlessness love and ambition
Madness too is a significant theme in the play: the play thus contrast madness and sanity, faithlessness and honour, the urge for revenge with the desire not to act precipitately
Suicide: if a person commits it he stops suffering anymore but also stops his happiness
Death is counter with life
The main problem is: what append after our death?
The HAMLET deals with: the ghost of hamlet's father appears to him to reveal him about is died. Hamlet's uncle, the current king of Denmark, killed his brother (hamlet's father) and married Gertrude, hamlet's mother. Hamlet must obey to the ghost's order: the only reason of his life is to revenge his father's life. So hamlet begins to be mad and even rejected the love oh Ophelia, who killed herself because hamlet refused her love. Claudius (uncle) begins to suspect that hamlet know something about the murder so ask to Polonius (Ophelia's father) to spy him. While hamlet is talking with his mother he realises that somebody is hidden behind the curtain and kill him (Polonius). Claudius organise a duel between hamlet and Laertes (Ophelia's brother). By the end hamlet kill Laertes, his mother drink a poisoned cup prepare for hamlet and dies, the same happen for Claudius and hamlet dies in the arms of his friend Horatio.
ACT III SCENE I :
In the hope of discovering the reasons for Hamlet's suffering, the king and queen decide to organize a meeting between him and Ophelia. Polonius asks her to pretend to be alone while he and the king hide behind a curtain. Hamlet enters and recites his famous monologue, 'To be or not to be', up until the moment he sees Ophelia. He refuses her love and advises her to enter a convent as an alternative. Claudius now starts to believe that Hamlet knows something about the murder. He decides to get him out of the way by sending him to England. Polonius suggests one final attempt at discovering the reasons for Hamlet's behaviour by arranging a meeting with his mother, Gertrude.
themes: Hamlet is a tragedy of revenge and a play of life and death, of man's ambiguous relation and also about melancholy and doubt. It is through Hamlet's struggle to act wisely, that the concept of MAN'S COMPLEX NATURE is illustrated. A major question for man is the relation between APPEARANCE AND REALITY and the EXISTENTIAL IDEA all that individual man knows is that he exist. Another important theme is HONOUR and honourable action. Any action to correct a wrong should be reasoned and not emotional. Justice is accomplished through the various deaths and the ascent of Fortinbras to the throne. Even Hamlet's death is ennobled by his final honourable actions tending to destroy the sources of corruption within the state. The theme of LOVE is only the brotherly love.
A PLAY WHITHIN THE PLAY: Hamlet is the first great tragedy conceived in a modern way. In the third act there is a play within the play and Hamlet expose his father's murderer. It turns the actors into audience.
A PAUSE OF REFLECTION: the soliloquy is made particularly effective by the apparent lack of connection with what precedes and follows it. Hamlet is not actually talking to himself.
THE SHAPE OF THOUGHTS: his thoughts take shape slowly, according to a process of seeking, reflecting and associating. The weighing and balancing of one alternative against another is continued in all the soliloquy.
THE CHOICE EF EXISTENCE: The militaristic images from the battle in which the choice of existence is expressed gives an immediate impression of how violent the struggle within Hamlet's mind is. It might be possible to endure and survive a sea of troubles but it is highly impractical to take up arms against it. It might be possibly to reply effectively to an assault with arrows. Where both passive and active resistance is a failure, death is seen as a relief.
TO DIE, TO SLEEP,TO DREAM: but then death itself is divided into sleep, which is desirable, and dreams, and it is the obstacle with the after death.
THE CALAMITY OF LIFE: Hamlet lists the injustices and miseries inflicted at all man.
COURAGE AND COWARDICE: If it is brave to kill oneself, and cowardly to remain alive, then conscience makes cowards of us all. Hamlet's intellect makes him prefer the courage of death at the same time that his actions proclaim him the coward of conscience.
CRITIC: The soliloquy is a poetic rendering of a character's complete mental and emotional state at a critical point in his development. Hamlet is the ideal Renaissance prince and the conventional malcontent, the traditional avenger and the sensitive idealist in a brutal world.
"To be or not to be" can be interpreted in different ways: whether to be a man or a nobody, whether to go on living or die, whether to act and kill or give up; these words assume a general meaning and stand for all the conflicts that have always tormented mankind.
The main theme seems to be death, or rather the fear of death. Hamlet tries to reduce its frightening image by comparing it to sleep or using metaphors
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