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Jonathan Swift

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Jonathan Swift

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    Born in Ireland in 1667 of English parents

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    Anglo- Irish duality, he lived in Ireland till 1689, when he went from Sir Temple, a kinsman of his mother and a statesman, he took advantage from his library and his circle.

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    In his first pamphlet "The Battle of Books" he awards victory of a book- competition with modern writers to the ancient. So he reveals classical tendencies.



   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    In "A Tale of Tub" he explains with an allegorical story the religious problems of his time: in fact the Western Christianity was divided into 3 confessions: the Chatolicism,the Puritanism, the Protestantism. He prefers the Church of England but always with some critics. It is a satirical work.

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    He is not a novelist, but a satirist. He has a polemical genius especially about social and political problems related to Irish situation ( "A Modest Proposal").

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    He has been made Dean of S. Patrick's Chatedral in Dublin.

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    "Gulliver's travels" is a satyre of the civilized society, with a lot of allusions to conemprary politics,in the form of an adventurous tale.

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    After 1739 he came loss of mental powers and died after 3 years of lethargy.

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    Works: "The battle of the Books", "A tale of tub", "Guliver's travels", "A modest Proposal.".

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    He is an aristocratic and conservative man, possibly so pessimist because his class was overcame by the middle class.

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    A formidable polemist, he hate practical activities.

Gulliver's Travels

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    Like Defoe here is the realism, they are the first works of fiction, they make a modern use of the first person narrator.

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    Lemuel Gulliver is a ship' surgeon who shipwrekes and makes a serie of voyages into remote nations.




   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    He mixes fantastic and real, he is careful about names and the geography of his book seems real.

1.   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;  Gullliver is shipwrecked in the empire of Lilliput (very small people), initially they make him prisoner, but gradually they try to use him in their wars. Thanks to his help he is allowed to leave the island. Lilliputians exemplify the meanness of human race, in particular of Englishes. They choose their statesmen for their pleasures for the emperor and the tight- rope walking ( he makes a satire about politicians: they are games for power).

2.   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;  He lands in the country of Brobdingnang. They are giants very tolerant and highly civilised. They use him like a toy. An eagle picks up him from his box and lets him over the sea. Toghether with the Lilliputians they simbolize the society and the individual person. You can be a giant for someone and a toy for someone else. They simbolize the physical imperfections of men. They think that English society is barbarous.

3.   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;  He lands in the isle of Laputa, which flyes thanks to a magnet. The ihabitants despise all practical occupations; they like the knowledge ( which is theorical and abstract). The projectors of Lagado make absurds experiments because they' re out of touch with reality. Laputa represents the satire of modern philosophies and science and their presomptuosness.

4.   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;  He lands in the country of Houynhnms, the intelligent horses, and Yahoos, primitive and not intelligent apes, who simbolize the human race. Gulliver decides to stay with horses, but they don't tolerate Yahoo's, so he comes back home. There he cannot tolerate all the humans (he is misanthropist and misogene), so he decides to live in the stable. He doesn't knows to wich world he belongs and they represent the extremes of depravity and goodness.

 

 

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    It is a controversial book because it seems a children story and a philosophical tale. He talks about human futility through a work of fiction.

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    Satire is important but at the same time dangerous: you can be emarginated from the society.

   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;   &nbs 818c28i p;    Swift is disgusted by the human race, in particulary of women. He show an individual alienation, he never married but it seems affectionated to a girl, called Stella, very young.







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