AGRICOLTURE: agricolture covers around 60% of the country food needs, it makes up the 1,5% of gdp.However this sector only employes around 1%. Main items which are produced: cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables. There is also a large number of live produce: cattle, ship, poultry, fish.
In the 1996 there was the scandal of BSE, lots of farmers were forced to destroy their stock without any compensation. In the 1999 most of the EU country begin to impor British beef again.
INDUSTRY: Textile industry, ship-building, iron and
steel production has seen gradual declines in recent years, especially when
faced with competition from
SERVICES: Especially particularly banking, insurance, and business services account for by far the largest proportion of gdp(67%), employs 68.9%. London Stock Exchange is one of the major stock exchanges in the world.
CURRENT SITUATION: In the past Union power was still curtailed,
inflation was low (currently at 2.7%) and
-The Bank of England was given control over interest rates, this had previously been a government prerogative.Interest rates have risen steadily since the election and are now 7.1%.However this is still seen as low and has not effected the property market adversely.
-Pound is the strongest it has ever been, but it's beginning to have adverse effects on British industry
industry is suffering from
-Unemployment: around 7.5%. Government seems committed to reducing unemployment, but mainly by harsh measures such as cutting benefits to the unemployed.
EDUCATION: Is compulsory between the ages of 5 and 16. 6% go to private schools. Playgroups and nursery:until 5 years (not compulsory), primay school (5-11), secondary school (11-16), secondary school/college and further education(16-18, not compulsory).
GCSE/A LEVELS: at 16 students take their GCSEs, they don't
repeat a school year they
do badly in previous assessment tests or class exams. Then they can leave
school or go on to take A levels (at their own
secondary scool or go on to a
PRIVATE SCHOOLS: 6% of students -they have to pass the GCSEs and the A level, not the key stage tests. - to gain the entrace at secondary level, students need to take common entrace exam.
NATIONAL CURRICULUM: It was made in 1988 as part of the new Education Act. It have to ensure standards of education throughout the country for all pupits between 5 and 16. it divides subjects into: core subjects(maths, science, english: are compulsory from 5 to 16), foundation subjects(from 14 years old, after the key stage 3, students can choose which of theese they wish to take in addition to the core subjects.
FURTHER EDUCATION (18+): all colleges are now universities, and students need A levels to attend universities. Universities can choose their students from A level results. Students generally stay at university for 3 years (medical students 7 years). In the past univeristy education was free to all, now only low-income families receive a grant from te government. Most students receive a Bachelor's degree: a BA for subjects in arts, a BSc for the sciences, a Bed to become a school teacher. After students go on to do post -graduate qualifications (masters - 1 year), other go on to doctorates(3 or 5 years)
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